If you’re a Formula 1 fan, then you know that the sport can be quite confusing to follow at times. Between all of the different terms and abbreviations, it’s no wonder that even seasoned fans sometimes have trouble keeping track of what’s going on.
With that in mind, today we’re going to take a look at some of the most common Formula 1 dictionary definitions, terms, and glossary items.
By understanding what all of these things mean, you’ll be able to follow F1 races with ease and impress your friends with your knowledge of the sport!
Let’s get started.
Aerodynamics is the study of how air moves around objects. In Formula One, aerodynamics are used to help improve both the grip of the car on the track and its top speed.
2. Air intake
An air intake is a system used to bring fresh air into an engine. The air intake usually consists of a tube that leads to the throttle body, which is a component of the engine that controls the amount of air that flows into it.
The term anteater refers to the somewhat ugly noses of 2014 Formula One cars, which were all required to follow new safety regulations. For better airflow under the car, the new F1 regulations required a relatively small nose tip cross-section to prevent cars from taking flight.
The apex is the point on a turn where the car is at its widest point. In order to take a turn properly, drivers must enter the turn at the correct angle and speed so that they can exit the turn at the apex.
Aquaplaning is when a car starts to skid on a wet surface because the tires have lost contact with the road. Aquaplaning can be extremely dangerous and can often lead to accidents.
Armco is a type of barrier that is often used around the perimeter of race tracks. Armco barriers are designed to absorb impact and protect drivers in the event of an accident.
A balaclava is a type of headwear that covers the entire head and face, leaving only a small opening for the eyes. Balaclavas are often worn by race car drivers to protect them from the extreme heat inside the cockpit.
The balance of a car is determined by the ratio of grip between the front and rear tyres. A car is said to be ‘understeering’ if it has more grip at the front than the rear, and ‘oversteering’ if it has more grip at the rear than the front.
Ballast is a weight that is added to a car to help improve its handling. Ballast is usually made of lead and is placed in different areas of the car, such as the wheels, to help lower its center of gravity.
A bargeboard is a piece of aerodynamic bodywork that is fitted to the side of a Formula One car. Bargeboards help to direct airflow around the car and improve aerodynamic performance.
11. Black flag
Black flags are shown to drivers during a race to indicate that they must return to the pit lane immediately. Black flags are usually shown for safety reasons, such as if there is debris on the track or if a car is leaking oil.
Blistering is when tires start to overheat and the tread starts to detach from the tire itself. Blistering can be caused by a number of factors, such as excessive speed or inappropriate tire pressure.
13. Blown diffuser
A blown diffuser is an aerodynamic device that is used to improve the downforce of a Formula One car. A blown diffuser works by redirecting exhaust gases so that they flow over the diffuser, which helps to increase the amount of downforce generated.
14. Blue flag
The blue flag is shown to drivers during a race to indicate that they must move out of the way of the leader. The blue flag is used to help make sure that the leader has a clear track ahead of them.
Bodywork is the term used to describe the external parts of a Formula One car. The bodywork includes the chassis, aerodynamic components and the engine cover.
16. Bogey time
Bogey time is the lap time that a driver needs to beat in order to be competitive. Bogey time is often used as a benchmark for testing and development purposes.
Bottoming is when the suspension of a car reaches its lowest point and makes contact with the ground. Bottoming can be caused by a number of factors, such as a bump in the track or excessive speed.
“Box” or “boxing” is Formula 1’s callout for pit stops, or for drivers to tell race engineers they need to pit. The driver is more likely to hear “Box” than a loud 18000 rpm engine behind them.
19. Brake balance
Brake balance is the distribution of braking force between the front and rear wheels of a car. Brake balance can be adjusted by the driver using a knob inside the cockpit.
20. Braking zone
The braking zone is the area of a race track where drivers need to slow down the most. Braking zones are often marked with yellow flags and drivers must be careful not to exceed the speed limit in these areas
Camber is the angle at which tires are mounted on a car. Tires are typically mounted with a small amount of camber, which helps to improve grip and traction.
22. CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)
CFD is a type of computer simulation that is used to model the flow of air around objects. CFD is often used in Formula One to help design aerodynamic components such as diffusers and wings.
The chassis is the main structure of a Formula One car. The chassis is made up of a number of different parts, including the monocoque (the main body of the car), the suspension, and the engine.
24. Checkered flag
The checkered flag is shown at the end of a race to indicate that the race has finished. The driver who crosses the finish line first is declared the winner.
A chicane is a type of corner that is designed to slow down cars. Chicanes are often used on tracks that are considered too fast for safety reasons.
26. Chief racing team engineer
The chief racing team engineer is responsible for the overall performance of the Formula One car. They work closely with the drivers and other members of the team to ensure that the car is performing at its best.
The circus is another term used to describe the Formula One paddock. The term is thought to originate from the fact that Formula One teams traveling around the world are similar to a traveling circus.
Clag is a term used to describe the aftermath of a car going through a puddle of water. When a car goes through a puddle, the water that is displaced can cover the windscreen of following cars, making it difficult for them to see.
29. Clean air
Clean air is the area of the track behind a car that has not been affected by its wake. Getting clean air can be crucial for a driver as it can help to improve both grip and visibility.
30. Coanda effect
The Coanda effect is the tendency of a fluid to follow a curved surface. In Formula One, the Coanda effect is used to help direct airflow around the car and improve aerodynamic performance.
The cockpit is the area of a Formula One car where the driver sits. The cockpit is surrounded by a number of safety devices, such as the roll hoop and the headrest.
A compound is a type of tire that is made up of two different types of rubber. Compound tires are often used in wet weather conditions as they offer better grip than regular tires.
33. Concorde agreement
The Concorde agreement is a contract between the teams, the FIA, and Formula One Management (FOM) that governs the commercial side of the sport. The Concorde agreement expires at the end of 2020 and is currently being renegotiated.
34. Curbs / Kerbs
Curbs (also known as kerbs) are raised sections of pavement that are often found around the perimeter of race tracks. Curbs are usually made from concrete or asphalt and are designed to slow down cars that go off the track.
35. Delta time
Delta time is the difference in time between two lap times. Delta times are used to compare the performance of different drivers and teams during a race.
A designer is someone who is responsible for the design of a Formula One car. Designers work with a team of engineers to create a car that is both fast and reliable.
A diffuser is a type of aerodynamic device that is fitted to the back of a Formula One car. Diffusers help to improve the downforce of a car by increasing the amount of air that flows under it.
38. Dirty air
Dirty air is the turbulent air that is left behind by a car in front. Dirty air can make it difficult for the following car to drive, as it can disrupt the flow of air around the car.
39. Desmodromic valves
Desmodromic valves are a type of valve that uses cams to open and close the valves, rather than springs. Desmodromic valves are often used in high-performance engines, such as those found in Formula One cars.
Downforce is a type of aerodynamic force that pushes a car down onto the track. Downforce increases grip and helps to improve stability, but it also increases drag and can reduce top speed.
41. DRS (Drag reduction system)
The DRS (Drag Reduction System) is a system that can be used by drivers to temporarily reduce the drag of their car. The DRS can be activated when a driver is within one second of the car in front of them, and it must be deactivated again before they enter the pit lane.
Drag is the force that opposes an object as it moves through the air. In Formula One, aerodynamic components are used to reduce the drag of the car and improve its top speed.
Drifting is when a car starts to slide sideways through a corner. Drift can be caused by a number of factors, such as excessive speed or inappropriate tyre pressure.
44. Drive-Through Penalty
A drive-through penalty is a punishment that is given to a driver during a race. A drive-through penalty requires the driver to enter the pit lane and drive through it at a reduced speed.
An endplate is a piece of aerodynamic bodywork that is fitted to the rear of a Formula One car. Endplates help to improve the aerodynamic performance of the car by redirecting airflow around the rear wing.
46. Engine Mapping
Engine mapping is the process of configuring an engine to run at different speeds and loads. Engine mapping is often used to improve performance or to meet the demands of different race tracks.
The ECU is a computer that controls many of the electronic systems on a Formula One car. The ECU is responsible for tasks such as engine management and traction control.
48. FIA (Federation International de I’Automobile)
The FIA is the governing body of motorsport. The FIA sets the rules and regulations for Formula One and other motorsport championships.
An F-duct is a type of aerodynamic device that was used on Formula One cars in 2010. The F-duct redirected airflow to the rear wing, which helped to reduce drag and improve top speed.
Flag-to-flag is a type of race where drivers must make at least one pit stop to change tires. Flag-to-flag races are often held in wet weather conditions, as it helps to improve safety by giving drivers the opportunity to change tires if they start to aquaplane.
51. Flat spot
A flat spot is an area on a tire that has been worn down by contact with the track. Flat spots can cause vibration and make it difficult for a driver to control their car.
52. Flying lap
A flying lap is a lap that is completed while the car is not on the same lap as the other cars. Flying laps are often used in qualifying, as they allow drivers to get a clear track ahead of them and set a fast time.
53. Formation lap
In Formula One, the formation lap, sometimes known as the warming lap, is the slow lap that drivers do before the start of the Grand Prix. The vehicles usually begin their formation lap one hour before the race’s official start time. This provides drivers with one more opportunity to examine the track and prepare their vehicles.
54. Formula One Commission
The formula One Commission is the body that makes decisions about Formula One. The commission is made up of representatives from the teams, drivers, FIA, and commercial partners.
55. Formula One Management
Formula One Management is the company that owns and runs Formula One. Formula One Management is responsible for tasks such as organizing race calendars and negotiating TV rights.
56. FOTA (The Formula One Teams Association)
FOTA (The Formula One Teams Association) is the organization that represents the teams in Formula One. FOTA works to improve the sport for all of its members.
57. Fuel mapping
Fuel mapping is the process of configuring an engine to run on different fuel blends. Fuel mapping is often used to improve performance or to meet the demands of different race tracks.
G-Force is a unit of measurement that is used to describe the force of acceleration. In Formula One, G-force is often used to measure the forces experienced by drivers during high-speed corners
Graining is a type of tire wear that can occur when the tires are used in excessively hot conditions. Graining occurs when the surface of the tire breaks down, causing small pieces of rubber to be shed from the tire. This can cause a loss of grip and make it difficult for the driver to control their car.
60. Gravel Trap
Gravel traps are sections of small rocks and pebbles that can be used to slow a car down quickly if it is going too fast. They can be found between the circuit and the barriers at many corners on F1 racetracks.
61. Green Flag
The Green Flag is a signal that is shown to drivers in Formula 1 that they are allowed to resume racing. It is displayed by the race director or their representative, and when it is shown, drivers must return to their cars and start driving again.
“Formula One grid” refers to the arrangement of the starting positions for each driver at the beginning of the race. It is the place where all cars line up on the starting line.
The grid is determined by each driver’s qualifying time, with the fastest qualifier starting in pole position. The other drivers are positioned according to their lap times, with the second-fastest driver starting in second place, and so on.
63. Grid Girls
Grid girls are models who are used to help promote a race. Grid girls often wear revealing clothing and stand next to the cars on the grid before a race.
The grip is the force that allows a tire to maintain contact with the road. The grip is important for both traction and handling.
Grooves are narrow channels that are cut into the surface of the track. Grooves help to improve drainage and prevent water from pooling on the track. They can also help to increase grip by providing more surface area for the tires to contact.
66. Ground Effects
Ground effects are a type of aerodynamic device that is used to improve the grip of a car. Ground effects work by creating a low-pressure area under the car, which helps to hold the car down on the track.
The halo is a type of safety device that is fitted to the cockpit of a Formula One car. The halo helps to protect the driver’s head from debris and other objects that could be thrown up in an accident.
A headrest is a device that is fitted to the cockpit of a Formula One car. The headrest helps to protect the driver’s head from injuries in an accident.
69. HANS (Head and Neck Support System)
The HANS (Head and Neck Support System) is a device that is fitted to the cockpit of a Formula One car. The HANS helps to protect the driver’s head and neck from injuries in an accident.
70. Heat Cycle
A heat cycle is a type of tire wear that can occur when the tires are used in excessively hot conditions. Heat cycling occurs when the surface of the tire breaks down, causing small pieces of rubber to be shed from the tire. This can cause a loss of grip and make it difficult for the driver to control their car.
71. Hot Lap
A hot lap is a lap that is completed while the car is in a good position on the track. Hot laps are often used in qualifying, as they allow drivers to get a clear track ahead of them and set a fast time.
A hypersoft tire is a type of soft compound tire that is used in Formula One. Hypersoft tires are made from a softer compound than regular soft tires, which makes them grippier but also more susceptible to wear.
73. In Lap
An in-lap is a type of flying lap that is completed while the car is not on the same lap as the other cars. In laps are often used in qualifying, as they allow drivers to get a clear track ahead of them and set a fast time.
74. Installation Lap
An installation lap is a lap that is completed before the start of a race. The installation lap allows drivers to warm up their tires and get into position on the grid.
Intermediates are a specific type of racing tire that is used in wet conditions. They have a grooved tread pattern that allows them to channel water away from the contact patch, which gives them better traction than slicks.
“Jumpstart” means to start the race before the green light comes on. This is done by accelerating your car while the red light is still on. If you are caught doing a jump-start, you will be given a penalty.
The term kerbs in Formula 1 refers to the raised edge around a race track that drivers must avoid. This edge is typically painted yellow and is used to help drivers stay on the track. Driving over the kerb can cause damage to a car’s suspension.
78. Left-Foot braking
Left-foot braking is a technique used in Formula 1 to slow the car down. This is done by braking with the left foot while keeping the right foot on the accelerator. This technique helps to reduce wear on the brakes, and also allows for better modulation of the brake force.
79. Liberty Media
Liberty Media owns The Formula One Group. They acquired Formula 1 in January 2017. Liberty Media is a diversified media company with interests in cable television, digital media, and telecommunications.
In Formula 1, the term “limit” is used to describe the maximum amount of fuel that a car can carry. This limit is set in order to ensure that cars do not run out of fuel during a race and have to be towed back to the pits.
81. Lock up
In Formula 1, “locking up” generally refers to a brake lock-up. This can be caused by a number of factors, such as overheating brakes, driver error, or faulty brake components. When a brake lock-up occurs, the wheels stop rotating, which can cause the car to skid and lose control.
Lollipop is a term used in Formula One to describe the position of the checkered flag when it is being waved at the end of a race. It specifically refers to the shape the flag makes when it is being held by the official, which is said to look like a lollipop.
83. MGU (Motor generating unit)
The MGU is a component of the power unit in Formula 1. It is responsible for converting the heat energy of the fuel into electrical energy. This energy is then used to power the electric motor, which in turn powers the car.
Marbles are little bits of rubber that accumulate off the racing line after being ripped off the tires while cornering. As they restrict the tire from making appropriate contact with the road, therefore diminishing grip, running over them during a race is hazardous.
A marshal is a person who is responsible for the safety of the drivers and spectators at a motorsport event. Marshals are stationed around the track and are responsible for waving flags to warn drivers of hazards, and for helping to extricate drivers from their cars in the event of an accident.
In Formula 1, the monocoque serves as the driver’s “survival cell.” It is made from composite materials reinforced with carbon fiber and is extremely strong. Monocoques are extremely lightweight despite their strength. As a result, automakers are able to keep vehicle weights as low as possible.
Murrayisms are a type of catchphrase that is associated with the former Formula One commentator Murray Walker. Murrayisms are often humorous or nonsensical, and often relate to the subject of motor racing.
88. Nana Duct
A Nana duct is a type of aerodynamic device that is used to improve the cooling of a car’s brakes. Nana ducts work by directing air onto the brakes, which helps to cool them down and prevents them from overheating.
89. Off-Throttle blown diffusers
Off-throttle blown diffusers are a type of aerodynamic device that is used to improve the grip of a car. Off-throttle blown diffusers work by using the exhaust gases to create a low-pressure area under the car, which helps to hold the car down on the track.
The term “Options” refer to option tires which are a type of tire that can be used in dry weather conditions. Option tires are made from a harder compound than soft tires, which makes them more durable but less grippy.
Oversteer is a type of handling that can occur when a car is turning. Oversteer occurs when the back end of the car slides out and can be caused by too much speed or too much grip.
In Formula 1, overtaking is when a driver passes another car on the track. This can be done by going around the outside of the other car or by passing them in the inside.
P1 stands for “pole position” and is earned by the driver who sets the fastest qualifying time in a race.
The pace is the rate at which a vehicle completes a lap around a race track. In Formula 1, teams and drivers aim to achieve the fastest possible lap time. This is known as having a strong pace.
Paddles are a type of steering wheel that is used in Formula One cars. Paddles are located on the back of the steering wheel and are used to change gears without taking your hands off the wheel.
The Paddock is the area in Formula 1 where the teams and drivers park their cars and tents during a race weekend. It is also where they hold their press conferences and meet with fans.
97. Party Mode
Party mode is a type of engine mapping that is used to increase the noise of the engine. Party mode is typically used during practice sessions and qualifying, as it helps the drivers to get a feel for the car.
98. Parx Fermé
Parx Fermé is a French term that refers to an area where cars are stored after the race. Parc Fermé is typically patrolled by security guards, and drivers are not allowed to make any changes to their cars.
99. Pit board
A pit board is a type of sign that is used to communicate information to drivers during a race. Pit boards are typically used to convey messages such as the driver’s position, the number of laps remaining, or whether the driver needs to make a pit stop.
100. Lit Lane
Lit Lane refers to the racing line that a driver takes around a race track. It is the quickest and most efficient way around the track and is usually marked by white lines on the track.
101. Pit Stop
A pit stop is a mandatory stop during a race in which all of the drivers on the track must come into the pit lane and change to a new set of tires.
102. Pit Wall
The pit wall is the area of the pit lane where the team’s engineers and mechanics are located. The pit wall is also where the driver will stop to change tires and refuel during a race.
The plank of an F1 car is a long strip of laminated material that goes from the back of the car to the area in front of the front wing. The plank must be at least one meter long and 30 centimeters wide.
It is attached in the middle of the car so that air can’t get through. The plank helps to ensure that the car remains within the regulations regarding ground clearance.
104. Platypus Nose
The platypus nose is a type of aerodynamic device that was used on some Formula One cars in 2009. The platypus nose was so named because it resembled the nose of the platypus animal.
A podium in Formula 1 is a platform where the top three finishers of a race stand to celebrate their achievement. The first-place driver and team traditionally stand on the highest step, while the second-and third-place drivers and teams stand on the lower two steps.
106. Pole Position
Pole position is the position on the grid that is occupied by the car that set the fastest lap time in qualifying.
107. Power Unit
A power unit is a term used in Formula 1 to describe the amount of energy that is available to the car. It is made up of the engine and the turbocharger. The more power a unit has, the faster the car can go.
The term “Practice” usually refers to practice start is a start that is completed before the start of a race. Practice starts are often used to check the grid order and give the drivers an opportunity to get a feel for the track conditions.
Primes in Formula 1 racing refers to the use of a limited set of gear ratios to achieve the highest possible speed. The term is derived from the use of gears with prime numbers of teeth, which allows for the most efficient use of engine power.
A protest is a formal challenge that can be made by one team to the stewards of a race. A protest can be made if a team believes that another team has violated the rules.
The term “Purple” refers to a purple sector in Formula 1. In Formula One, a purple sector indicates that the driver has just recorded the quickest time in that segment of the lap. For example, if Lewis Hamilton scores a 20.941s in qualifying and it becomes purple, it means no one has gone faster all weekend.
The term “push” refers to push-to-pass which is a mechanism on a race car that provides the driver with the ability to increase the car’s power for short periods, usually via a button on the steering wheel.
Qualifying in F1 is the process that is used to determine the order of the grid for a race. Qualifying consists of a series of timed laps, with the drivers setting their fastest lap time in an attempt to secure pole position.
114. Race Director
The race director is the official who is responsible for starting and stopping a race. The race director also has the power to impose penalties on drivers and teams.
115. Rake Cars
Rake cars are cars that have been designed with a lower rear end than the front end. Rake cars are often used in wet weather conditions to improve grip and stability.
116. Reactive Ride-Height
Reactive ride-height suspension is a type of suspension that is used on some Formula One cars. Reactive ride-height suspension allows the car to adjust its ride height in response to changes in the track surface.
117. Red Flag
A red flag is a signal that is used to indicate that a session has been stopped due to an accident or other incident.
In Formula 1, the term “retirement” typically refers to a driver abandoning a race due to an issue with their car. For instance, a driver might retire if their car develops a mechanical issue that they cannot fix on the track. In some cases, a driver might also retire if they become injured during a race.
119. Ride height
Ride height is the height of a car above the track surface. This is measured at the center of the wheelbase. Ride height is important as it affects the car’s aerodynamics and handling.
120. Roll Hoop
A roll hoop is a structure that is fitted to the rear of a Formula One car. The roll hoop is designed to protect the driver in the event of a rollover accident.
121. Rubbured in
The phrase “rubbured in” means that the car is driving close to the limit of traction, causing the tires to rub against the track surface. This can cause the tires to overheat and lose traction.
An S-duct is a type of duct that is used to direct airflow over the car. S-ducts are often used on the front of Formula One cars.
123. Safety car
The safety car is a car that is used to lead the field around the circuit during a race. The safety car is used when there is a danger on the track that could pose a danger to the drivers.
Scrutineering is the process of inspecting a racing car before, during and after a race to make sure it complies with the regulations.
Sectors are the sections of the track that are used to split up lap times. In Formula 1, there are typically three sectors on a track. The first sector is the section of the track from the start line to the first turn. The second sector is the section of the track from the first turn to the second turn. The third sector is the section of the track from the second turn to the finish line.
The set-up of a car is the configuration of the car that is used to optimize the car’s performance. The set-up includes things like tire pressure, wing settings, and suspension settings.
Shakedown is a test that is conducted to check the reliability of a car. Shakedowns are typically conducted before races or testing sessions.
The shunt is a term used in Formula 1 to describe a move made by a driver to get out of the way of another car. It is when a driver moves out of the racing line and onto the dirty side of the track in order to create more space for the other car to pass.
Sidepods are used to direct air into F1 vehicles to cool the engine, but they also have an aerodynamic function. The radiators are integrated into the sidepods, and the holes on the sides of the vehicle capture air, which is then channeled into the radiators to cool the car’s internals.
A simulator is a computer program that is used to simulate the conditions of a race. Simulators are often used to test new parts or setups. An F1 simulator cockpit can also be used to play racing games.
Skirts are pieces of bodywork that extend downwards from the side of the car. Skirts help to create downforce and improve aerodynamic performance.
Slicks are tires that do not have any tread. Slicks are used in wet weather conditions because they offer more grip than treaded tires.
133. Slip angle
The slip angle is the difference between the direction that a car is pointing and the direction that the car is actually moving. The slip angle increases as the car’s speed increases.
Slipstreaming is a technique used in auto racing, particularly in Formula One, to reduce aerodynamic drag on a car and so improve its speed. By closely following another car, the slipstream created by the lead car drags the trailing car along with it, reducing the drag on the latter.
The term “splitter” in Formula 1 typically refers to a part on the car that helps to direct airflow. This can be used to help guide air towards certain parts of the car, such as the engine or the brakes, in order to improve performance.
136. Steering Wheel
A steering wheel in Formula 1 is a device that allows the driver to control the direction of the car. It is attached to the front of the car and allows the driver to turn the car in the direction they want it to go.
The term “steward” in Formula 1 refers to a race official who oversees the proceedings of a race. They are responsible for ensuring that the race is run safely and that the drivers obey the rules. Stewards can penalize drivers for breaking the rules, and can also award points and trophies to competitors.
138. Sticker tires
Sticker tires are tires that have been specifically approved for use in Formula One. Sticker tires are typically made by Pirelli or Michelin.
A stint is a period of time that a driver spends in the car. Stints typically last for around an hour.
140. Team principal
A team principal in Formula 1 is the head of a racing team. They are responsible for the team’s day-to-day operations, as well as making decisions on strategy, personnel, and finances.
A tear-off is a strip of material that is used to cover the driver’s helmet visor. Tear-offs are used to keep the visor clean and clear.
Telemetry is a system that is used to collect data from a car. Telemetry can be used to monitor things like engine temperature and tire wear.
The Tifosi is a group of passionate Ferrari fans. The Tifosi typically wear red clothes and wave flags at races.
In Formula 1, the term “tires” refers to the rubber discs that are fitted to the car’s wheels in order to provide traction and braking. The tires are one of the most important components of a Formula 1 car, as they play a major role in how the car performs on the track. Tires must be able to withstand high speeds and extreme cornering forces, as well as provide good grip and handling.
145. Tire Barrier
A tire barrier is a large, sturdy object that is placed on the track in order to protect drivers and cars from crashing into something during a race. They are usually made of metal or strong plastic and are placed at the edge of the track in areas where there is a high risk of accidents.
146. Tire degradation
Tire degradation is the process of tires wearing down over time. Tire degradation can be caused by things like heat and friction.
147. Tire warmer
A tire warmer is a device that is used to heat up tires. Tire warmers are typically used before races and qualifying sessions.
Torque is a measure of the rotational force that is produced by an engine. Torque is typically measured in Newton meters.
149. Traction control
Traction control is a system that is used to prevent the wheels from spinning. Traction control is typically used in wet weather conditions.
Turbulence is a condition where the air around the car is turbulent. Turbulence can be caused by things like aerodynamic downforce.
Understeer is a condition where the front of the car slides out. Understeer can be caused by things like too much speed or too little grip.
152. Virtual safety car
The virtual safety car is a system that is used to neutralize the race when there is a dangerous situation on the track. The virtual safety car is typically deployed when there is an accident or bad weather conditions.
153. White flag
The white flag is a flag that is shown to indicate that there is a danger on the track. The white flag is typically shown when there is an accident or bad weather conditions.
154. Winger car
A wing car is a type of race car that has wings on the sides. Wing cars are typically used in formula racing.
The term “X-Wings” is used in Formula 1 to describe a particular aerodynamic feature on the car. The feature is called an X-Wing because it resembles the shape of the letter “X”. The purpose of the X-Wing is to help improve the car’s aerodynamics and to make it more efficient in the wind tunnel.
156. Yellow flag
The yellow flag is used to indicate a hazard on the track. Drivers must slow down and be prepared to take evasive action when the yellow flag is displayed.
157. 107% rule
The 107% rule in a Formula 1 is a regulation that requires each driver to set a lap time within 107% of the fastest qualifying time in order to be able to compete in the race. If a driver fails to do so, they will not be allowed to start the race.